The Role of Chemistry in History

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Conclusion

April 19th, 2008 · Comments Off

Intro to Teflon, Serendipitous Discovery, Chemical Properties, Production, Changing History, Conclusion

 

 

 

 

 

Teflon has been extremely influential in many different fields. Its extremely unique properties allows it to influence everything from fabrics to the Statue of Liberty (used as an insulator and a lubricator between the copper and steel). Great advances in the US Space Program to the successful storage of extremely corrosive materials are also directly related to Teflon. Teflon was cited when President George Bush awarded DuPont the U.S. National Medal of Technology(1990) for the development of man-made polymer.

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Categories: Teflon

Changing History

April 19th, 2008 · 2 Comments

Intro to Teflon, Serendipitous Discovery, Chemical Properties, Production, Changing History, Conclusion

 

Teflon has changed history. Here is a list of some of the great impacts Teflon has had on our society.

1. Used for its protective attributes in the US Space Program’s space suits, heat shields, insulation and cargo liners.

2. Significantly impacted computer chip manufacturing because of its inert properties.

3. Used in nearly all tubing and piping in the semiconductor industry.

4. Teflon is used to insulate thousands of miles of communication cables due to its heat and chemical resistance.

5. In liquid form Teflon can repel water and stains from fabrics without influencing breathability, color, or feel.

6. Teflon coated fiberglass has revolutionized architecture. It is used on buildings such as Pontiac Sliver Dome, Orange Bowl, Metro Dome, and other significant structures. Teflon coated fiberglass is the most permanent of the coated architectural fabrics. It was first used architecturally in 1973 and has a life expectancy of more than 30 years. Teflon is so useful architecturally because of its anti-aging, self-cleaning, transparency, and fire retardant properties.

7. Perhaps most notably it was used to insulate valves, seals, and pipes containing Uranium Hexafluoride. This enabled the US to develop a nuclear bomb during the Manhattan Project.

 

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Categories: Teflon

Production/Application

April 19th, 2008 · 1 Comment

Intro to Teflon, Serendipitous Discovery, Chemical Properties, Production, Changing History, Conclusion

teflon

 

PTFE can be produced by two different processes. It can be synthesized by the emulsion polymerization of tetrafluoroethylene monomer under pressure through free radical catalyst(as seen above). Additionally, it can be created through the substitution of hydrogen atoms with fluorine on the polyethylene by using fluorine and polyethylene gas at 20 degrees Celsius.

 

 

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Categories: Teflon

Properties

April 19th, 2008 · 2 Comments


Intro to Teflon, Serendipitous Discovery, Chemical Properties, Production, Changing History, Conclusion

 

 

 

Structurally there are three different types of Teflon. However, the most popular and applicable form of Teflon is PTFE; a polymer with repeating chains of CF2-CF2. The properties listed below are what makes Teflon useful in many different ways:

1. Teflon has a friction coefficient of 0.1, explaining the anti-stick properties. (Lowest friction of any known solid)

2. Teflon has a melting point of 327 degrees centigrade.

3. No water absorption.

4. Weatherability is outstanding.

5. Flame resistance LOI is 95%.

6. Resistance to chemical attack is excellent.


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Categories: Teflon

Serendipitous Discovery

April 19th, 2008 · Comments Off

Intro to Teflon, Serendipitous Discovery, Chemical Properties, Production, Changing History, Conclusion

 

 

teflon2.jpg

Like many great discoveries, PTFE was discovered serendipitously. Dr. Roy Plunkett, in a DuPont laboratory, was working on freon gas related to refrigeration when he accidentally discovered PTFE (1938). He accidentally froze a sample of tetraflouroethylene, and after checking it he discovered it had polymerized into what is now known as Teflon. It would be first sold in 1946, giving Dupont a dominating edge on competition.

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Categories: Teflon

Intro to Teflon

April 19th, 2008 · 3 Comments

Intro to Teflon, Serendipitous Discovery, Chemical Properties, Production, Changing History, Conclusion

Teflon or polytetraflouroethylene (PTFE) is a synthetic flouropolymer that has many uses. It was created and popularized under the brand Dupont, who then dubbed PTFE Teflon. It is undoubtedly most well know for the anti-stick and inert properties. Teflon is essentially inert to all chemicals and often considered the slickest material in the world. Teflon has greatly influenced areas such as: aero-space, electronics, fabrics, communications, along with many industrial processes. Teflon’s first significant use was in the Manhattan Project, where it was used to contain highly reactive uranium hexafluoride.

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Categories: Teflon

GRD

April 19th, 2008 · Comments Off

Intro to Teflon, Serendipitous Discovery, Chemical Properties, Production, Changing History, Conclusion

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Categories: Teflon