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A collection of research resources pertaining to Ancient Greek and Roman history and culture.

For subject assistance contact: Chris Bombaro, 717-245-1868.


First Steps

Specific Reference Works

Here are some specific reference resources that are particularly useful for choosing and narrowing a research topic:

Oxford Classical Dictionary 3rd ed. - The standard encyclopedia of classical antiquity.

Brill's New Pauly - Another standard encyclopedia (available in the Classics office, East College).

Encyclopedia of Classical Philosophy

Dictionary of Classical Mythology

Encyclopedia of the History of Classical Archaeology

Encyclopedia of Greece and the Hellenic Tradition

Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites

Greece: An Oxford Archaeological Guide

Rome: An Oxford Archaeological Guide

Grove Encyclopedia of Classical Art and Architecture

Lexicon Iconographicum Mythologiae Classicae (LIMC) - An encyclopedia concerned with the iconography of classical mythology. Bibliographic updates available on line.

Thesaurus Cultus et Rituum Antiquorum (ThesCRA) - A thesaurus documenting the religious rituals of classical antiquity.

Grove Art Online - More than 3,000 thumbnail art images and line drawings displayed in the text of articles, extensive image links, and sophisticated search and navigation tools.

Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World - Maps reflecting Greek or Roman presence in the ancient world and presenting the landscape, insofar as possible, as it was in those times. The maps provide locations for the sites of thousands of known cities as well as indicators of less securely attested areas of habitation from the ninth-century B.C. to the fifth century A.D.

Thesaurus Linguae Latinae Online A thesauraus of Latin terms.

Using the Library Catalog

In the Library Catalog, you can search for books related to Classical Studies or any other topic. Here are some suggested phrases you can enter:

  Bible N.T.  	                Mythology Classical
  Classical Literature         Mythology Greek
  Greece History  	        Mythology Roman
  Greek Language  	        [Name of a person]
  Greek Literature  	        Philosophy Ancient
  Latin Literature  	        Philosophy Renaissance
  Latin Language  	        Rome History

Books in the library are shelved by call number in the Main and Reference Stacks (shelves). Here are some maps of the library that show call number locations. Many of the Classical Studies books will fall under these headings:

  CN - Inscriptions, Epigraphy
  DE - Greco-Roman History
  DF - Greek History
  DG - Italian History
  PA - Greek and Latin Literature

Next Steps

Here are some resources that can help you with more in-depth research, including maps, digital libraries, and databases. Databases are used to direct researchers to sources of information about a topic. They indicate where articles, book reviews, and book chapters can be found, and some, but not all, will provide the full text of the source, as well. Many journal titles will often be abbreviated in search results--here is a list of journal abbreviations with their corresponding full titles.

Databases for Finding Secondary Source Books and Journal Articles

Annee Philologique - An index to research on all aspects of Greco-Roman antiquity. Covers a broad range of subjects, from language and literature to history to archaeology and more. The online version covers from 1959 to 2004 (there are print and microfiche versions that go back to 1878).

TOCS-IN (Tables of Contents of Journals of Interest to Classicists) - TOCS-IN provides the tables of contents of a selection of Classics, Near Eastern Studies, and Religion journals, both in text format and through a Web search program. Where possible, links are given with articles for which the full text or an abstract is available online.

WorldCat - OCLC's catalog of books and other materials in libraries worldwide. The most comprehensive database of published materials and library holdings. [Use this to locate books the library does not own.]

MLA International Bibliography (Modern Language Association) - The premier scholarly index for literature, language, linguistics, and folklore.

Bryn Mawr Classical Review (BMCR) - Bryn Mawr Classical Review publishes book reviews of current scholarly work in the field of classical studies (including archaeology).

Nestor: Bibliography of Aegean Prehistory and Related Areas - Nestor is a searchable international bibliography of Aegean studies, Homeric society, Indo-European linguistics, and related fields.

Archives of Ancient Texts and Images

These are collections of primary sources in Greek and Latin and collections of art and architecture from the ancient world.

Library of Latin Texts Online A database of more than 3,200 latin texts from Antiquity to the twentieth century.

Perseus Project - An evolving digital library of resources for the study of the ancient world that contains thousands of Greek and Latin texts, images, and secondary sources.

Latin Library - A collection of Latin texts: classical, Christian, medieval, and modern.

Bibliotheca Augustana - A collection of primary texts in Greek, Latin, and several other languages.

Corpus Scriptorum Latinorum - A digital library of Latin literature, spanning from the earliest epigraphic remains to the Neo-Latinists of the eighteenth century.

IntraText Digital Library - A collection of primary texts in Latin, including patristics and modern works. Other modern languages are also represented.

Little Sailing - A collection of ancient and modern Greek texts.

ICON: Archaeology - The ICON Archaeology collection consists of over 10,000 digital images related to the ancient history of the Mediterranean region. Images include dig sites, artifacts, and architecture. This collection is available for all Dickinson faculty and students to use in their teaching and research.

Migne Patrologia Graeca and Latina - Complete texts, in Latin and Greek, of early documents of the Christian Church (several volumes are also available via Google Books). These are also available in print.

Google Books - Many older, standard editions of classical texts can be found in Google Books. Mischa Hooker has compiled several indices.

Classics Index - A large index to works of classical scholarship and primary texts in Greek and Latin that are freely available online.

Oxford Guide to Classical Mythology in the Arts, 1300-1990s - a topically classified chronology of more than 30,000 artworks from circa 1300 to the present day that take as their theme the subjects of Greek and Roman mythology.

ARTstor - A repository of hundreds of thousands of digital images and related data.

Atreus: Treasury of Mycenaean Bibliography - An on-line search engine/database of books and articles in Mycenaean archaeology, classified by author, subject, and region, with a full index on the site of Mycenae.

Other Web Resources

A variety of recommended web sites containing both primary and secondary sources.

History, Literature, Language, and Culture

Textkit - There are several good grammar texts, prose composition books, and readers available here for download: Smythe, Allen & Greenough, Bennett, etc.

De Imperatoribus Romanis - Online biographical encyclopedia of Roman and Byzantine emperors, including usurpers.

Demos: Classical Athenian Democracy - A scholarly web site devoted to the history, institutions, and people of democratic Athens in the 5th and 4th centuries BCE.

Diotima: Women & Gender in the Ancient World - An interdisciplinary resource for anyone interested in patterns of gender around the ancient Mediterranean.

Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics - A collaborative project of the Classics Departments of Princeton and Stanford Universities. Its purpose is to make the results of current research undertaken by members of Princeton and Stanford Universities in the field of classics available in advance of final publication.

Speculum Romanae Magnificentiae - A large collection of 16th century engravings of Rome and Roman antiquities.

Ovid Collection A variety of Metamorphoses resources from U.VA.'s Electronic Text Center.

Poetry of Catullus Wikibook - A textbook containing comprehensive annotations, detailed language help, and true-to-life translations.

The Chicago Homer - Interlinear translations of Greek epics with links to scholia and papyri.

Overview of Late Antiquity - Steven Muhlberger's short introduction to some of the main features of this long and complex period.

Lacus Curtius - A site on Roman antiquity containing primary texts, images, and learning tools.

Latin Place Names - Vernacular equivalents of Latin place names.

Roman Numeral and Date Conversion - Online calculators for converting dates from the Julian or Gregorian calendars into Roman equivalents, and Roman numerals into Arabic numerals (or vice versa).

Epigraphy and Paleography

Introduction to Greek and Latin Epigraphy - Onno van Nijf's beginner's guide.

Center for the Study of Ancient Documents - Home of Oxford University's epigraphical archive, with links to high quality epigraphy sites.

Epigraphische Datenbank Heidelberg - A database of Latin inscriptions (search field headings in English).

Epigraphische Datenbank - A database of Latin inscriptions (search field headings in German).

Oxyrhynchus Online - Information, background, texts and images of Greek papyri.

Archaeology, Digital Maps, and Virtualizations

Fasti Online - A database of archaeological excavations since the year 2000.

Metis - 360 degree, panoramic views of Greek archaeological sites.

Digital Roman Forum - UCLA's digital model of the Roman Forum.

Ancient Rome in 3D - Google Earth gallery

Aquae Urbis Romanis - Interactive maps (some in 3D) displaying the history of the relationships between hydrological and hydraulic systems and their impact on the urban development of Rome.

News and Reviews

Ephemeris - The News in Latin.

Rogue Classicism - David Meadows' classics blog.

Citing Ancient Sources

Systems for citing ancient texts vary from one author to another; most systems involve book and chapter number and/or paragraph number (NOT page number). If in doubt, please consult your instructor. See also:

Citing Sources for Classics Courses - from Swarthmore College

A Guide to Citing Sources in Classics - from Haverford College