The Role of Chemistry in History

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Chemical Composition

April 24th, 2008 · 3 Comments ·

Introduction | Discovery | Chemical Composition
Usage | Historical Significance

Chemical Formula: C21H23NO5

Heroin Skeletal 2D

Formal Chemical Name (IUPAC):


3,6-diol diacetate

Heroin is the 3,6-diacetyl derivative of morphine (hence diacetylmorphine) and is synthesised from it by acetylation.

A molecule of heroin is made up of 21 atoms of carbon, 23 atoms of hydrogen, 1 atom of nitrogen, and 5 atoms of oxygen. There are six double bonds within each molecule, and the rest of the bonds are single. Heroin 3D

Precent composition by mass: 68.28% Carbon, 6.28% Hydrogen, 3.79% Nitrogen, 21.65% Oxygen.


Heroin is a white and sometimes brownish, odorless compound and is a highly addicive narcotic when abused.

Tags: Heroin