The Role of Chemistry in History

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History affects Quinine

April 17th, 2008 · No Comments ·

Intro | Chemistry | Sources | Affects History | History affects  | Poor Countries | Undesired Effects  | Substitutes | Conclusion

 The Jesuit Powder:

  • Before 1655, each time a papal conclave was held in Rome a number of the cardinals would die from malaria.

  • In 1633,  a number of the Jesuit order in Peru began using the Cinchona bark to treat and prevent malaria.

  • In 1940 Father Bartolome Tafur took some of the bark with him to Rome and words of  its miraculous effects were spread out very quickly.

  • In the 1955 papal conclave, thanks to the cinchonal bark, no cardinal died.

  • The Cinchona bark became then known as the Jesuit’s powder, as the Jesuits started importing large amounts and selling it through Europe.

  • It became very popular from that time on.

World War II:

  • During World War II, there was high demand for quinine.

  • Extensive research led to the discovery of a derivative of quinine: chloroquine.

  • Both quinine and chloroquine have the quinoline structure.






Tags: Quinine